In Massachusetts, it’s against the law to have an open container of alcohol while driving.  Open Container Laws refer to having open containers of alcohol in the passenger areas of the car while driving. For an alcohol container to be opened, it means the seal has been broken, or some of the contents have been removed. Thus, if you opened up a bottle of wine, once the seal is broken, it is considered to be “open”. If you have an open container of alcohol, you are supposed to put it in the trunk of the car, or in a locked glove box while driving. Anywhere else inside the car could be considered a “passenger area”, including the driver’s seat. It is illegal to drive with an open container in Massachusetts. However, as of recently, Massachusetts decided that having an open container was not a criminal offense. While in other states, you could get criminally charged for driving with an open container, in Massachusetts, it is now only a civil violation. 

What’s the difference between a Criminal Offense and a Civil Violation?

Criminal offenses are acts that are against the law. They result in misdemeanors and felonies which can lead to jail time and fines and also remain on your criminal record. Civil violations are less serious than misdemeanors. While they do involve disobeying a statute or policy, the punishment is usually only a fine and does not go on your criminal record. There is no finding of guilt or innocence in a civil violation. A civil violation could, however, go on your driving record and affect your insurance.

What Will Happen if you are Caught Driving with an Open Container?

Open Container Laws Massachusetts

If a police officer pulls you over and sees an open container of alcohol, you will receive a ticket and have to pay a fine. The fine will likely range between $100-$500 depending on your driving record and if this is your first offense or you’ve previously been cited for driving with an open container. It could also depend on whether you were driving recklessly and why the officer pulled you over. 

A police officer who cites you for an open container might also suspect that you are operating under the influence (“OUI”). If that is the case, the officer might ask you to perform a breathalyzer test or a field sobriety test. If you are arrested then for OUI, later on, if it ever goes to trial, the open container can be used as evidence to show you were operating under the influence.  

What if the Driver is Underage?

If the driver is under the age of 21 and is caught driving with an open container, they could be criminally charged with underage possession. This could result in a fine and license suspension for a period of 90 days. If the driver is under the age of 18, they could have their license suspended for 180 days for a first offense, and a year for a second offense.

 

Nate Amendola
Massachusetts criminal defense attorney, helping resolve OUI, domestic violence, drug and criminal charges